Umrah is an Arabic word which means “to visit populated places”. Unlike Hajj it is not obligatory and is performed voluntarily by Muslims to show their devotion towards almighty Allah. The Prophet (PBUH) said:
“Umrah is an expiation for the sins committed (between it and the previous one). And the reward of Hajj Mabrur (the one accepted by Allah) is nothing except Paradise.”
Umrah requires some homework. You should know about the rituals and how to perform them. But it all comes later. First, you have to choose an Umrah Package. There are a variety of Umrah packages, choose according to your need.
How to Perform Umrah Step by Step
Let me break the Umrah in steps for you, to make it easier for you to understand. Let’s get started.
Before leaving home, you should perform the following actions to ensure you are prepared to enter into the state of Ihram:
- Trim your nails.
- Shave the underarms and pubic hair.
- Men should trim their moustache if they have one.
- Take bath.
- Perfume can be applied to the body but not to the Ihram sheet.
Remember, you have not entered the state of Ihram yet. You will not until you have uttered the intention for Ihram, and that is done once you have passed the Miqat
Recite the following Dua when leaving your home:
You have left for the Saudi Arabia. Make sure you are in the Ihram clothing.
For Men, it is sandals and two sheets of white colour.
For Women, it is their usual clothing and footwear, over which they wear the Hijab or Jilbab.
Once you have reached Miqat, enter the state of Ihram by uttering the following words.
“Here I am O Allah, making Umrah”
Note: In the state of Ihram, following restrictions are applied on:
Both Men and Women:
- Nails cannot be trimmed.
- Hair cannot be removed.
- Perfumes cannot be applied on body or cloth.
- They cannot get married.
- Must not be involved in any sexual activity.
- Head must not be covered.
- Cannot wear sewn clothes.
- Face must not be covered.
- Cannot wear gloves.
You will perform the Tawaf(طواف) upon entering Masjid-al-Haram( ٱلْمَسْجِدُ ٱلْحَرَام) in Mecca. Men should uncover their right shoulder for the first 3 rounds. Proceed to the Black Stone (الحجر الأسود) and either kiss it, touch it or just gesture towards it.
Once you have circled the Kaaba(ٱلْكَعْبَة) seven times, your Tawaf is completed.
Recite this Dua while entering Masjid-al-Haram:
“In the Name of Allah! O, Allah! Exalt the mention of your Messenger. O, Allah! Forgive my sins, and open the gates of your mercy for me”
After performing Tawaf, proceed to Maqam-e-Ibrahim (A.S) and offer prayer. Once you have done that, proceed to Zam Zam and drink from it, you can also pour some on your head.
The Quran says:
“And take you (people) the Maqam (place) of Ibrahim as a place of Prayer” (2:125)
Now you will have to perform Sa’i(سعي). Reach Mount Safa(الصّفا) and walk towards Mount Marwa( المروة), upon reaching you will complete one circuit. You will have to do it seven times to complete the ritual.
“Indeed, as-Safa and al-Marwah are among the symbols of Allah. So whoever makes Hajj to the House or performs ‘umrah – there is no blame upon him for walking between them. And whoever volunteers good – then indeed, Allah is appreciative and Knowing.” (2:158)
This is the final step. Men should either shave their head or trim the hair equally. Women are only required to cut the tips of their hair.
So this is it, it is only the overview of how to perform umrah step by step. You can read and learn more about it on the internet or from a book. All you have to do is focus on how to perform Umrah and let us manage your travel issues like flights, accommodations, transport etc. Have a great journey.
You would love to read our Frequently Asked Questions about Hajj & Umrah. It will help you know more about your Holy trip.