How many Miqats for Hajj and Umrah?

How many Miqats for Hajj and Umrah

There are 5 Miqats out of which 4 are recommended by Hadith and one was selected during the reign of Caliph Umar bin Khattab.

Hadtih for 4 Miqats: Sahih al-Bukhari 1526 /Book 25, Hadith 14 Vol. 2

Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) had fixed Dhul Hulaifa as the Miqat for the people of Medina; Al-Juhfa for the people of Sham; and Qarn Ul-Manazil for the people of Najd; Yalamlam for the people of Yemen. So, these (above mentioned) are the Mawaqit for all those living at those places, and besides them for those who come through those places with the intention of performing Hajj and `Umra and whoever lives within these places should assume Ihram from his dwelling place, and similarly, the people of Mecca can assume lhram from Mecca.

Source: https://sunnah.com/bukhari/25/14

Umar Ibn al-Khattab, the second caliph of Islam, designated an additional Miqat during his reign after the Islamic armies had conquered the cities of Basra and Kufa. The Miqat is known as Dhat Irq and is located near the current-day city of An-Najaf, Iraq.

Here, you will get proper answers to frequently asked questions related to Miqat:

5 Miqats for Hajj and Umrah:

  1. Dhul Hulayfah
  2. Al-Juhfah
  3. Qarn al-Manazil
  4. Dhat Irq
  5. Yalamlam

Dhul Hulayfah Miqat

Dhul Hulayfah:

One of the Miqat locations is called Dhu’l-Hulayfah, which is about 18 kilometres southwest of Mosque al-Nabawi in Medina, and around 410 kilometres (254.76 miles) north of Mecca. If someone is from Medina or coming from the North, this is the Miqat for him where he needs to enter into Ihram.

There’s also a mosque called Dhul Hulifa Mosque, about 450 kilometres from Mecca and 9 kilometres from Medina. It serves as the Miqat location for locals living in Medina, but it’s not mandatory to take Ihram inside the mosque – you can also wear it on the outskirts.

So, to sum it up, Dhu’l-Hulayfah is the Miqat for those coming from the North or Medina, while it is also a Miqat for locals in Medina. Wear Ihram before crossing this if you’re coming from the relevant direction.

Al Jufah Miqat

Al-Juhfah

If someone is coming from Syria, Turkey, Europe, North America, Jordan, Egypt, Lebanon, Sudan, Algeria or several other African countries to perform Hajj or Umrah. He’ll need to know about Al-Juhfah, which is a Miqat located about 190 kilometres northwest of Mecca. It’s commonly known as Rabigh and is named after the small town located just to the north of it.

This is where Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) met his uncle Abbas (RA) during his journey to conquer Mecca.

The city is about 9 kilometres away from Ghadir Khumm, which is close to the Red Sea, and people going from Jeddah to Mecca take Ihram at this location as well. So, if you’re coming from any of the relevant countries, make sure to enter into Ihram at Al-Juhfah or Rabigh.

Qaran al Manazil Miqat

Qarn al-Manazil

Qarn al-Manazil is a hilly area located about 80 kilometres east of Mecca, near the city of Ta’if. It is considered the Miqat for people coming from Najd and those travelling from countries such as the U.A.E., Oman, Pakistan, Australia, Malaysia, and Singapore to perform the pilgrimage. Qarn al-Manazil is also known as Muqat Al Sail Al Kabir and is significant because it is the location where the Angel Gabriel (AS) appeared before Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) when he was persecuted by the Taif inhabitants.

Dhat Irq Miqat

Dhat Irq

Dhat Irq is a Miqat located approximately 85–94 kilometres northeast of Mecca, depending on the specific location. It is the designated Miqat for people coming from Iran, Iraq, China, Russia, and other countries who intend to perform Hajj or Umrah.

Here are three sections:

  1. Maslakh
  2. Qumrah
  3. Dhat Irq

Although it is advised to wear Ihram from Maslakh, it is acceptable to do so from any of the three locations. Dhat Irq Miqat was established during the Caliphate of Umar (RA) and was named after the largest mountain in the area, Irq Aswad.

After the towns of Basra and Kufa were captured, the Muslims complained to the 2nd Caliphate that it was difficult for them to reach Qarn (Miqat fixed by the Messenger of Allah for the Najd inhabitants). In response, Umar Bin Khattab (RA) suggested that they take a Miqat opposite Qarn as a usual route. So, he fixed Dhat Irq as a new Miqat.

Yalamlam Miqat

Yalamlam

Yalamlam is a hilly area located about 100 kilometres south of Mecca and is the Miqat for those coming from Yemen and those travelling from the southern regions like South Africa and Nigeria. It’s also the Miqat for them, who arrive by ship from countries such as China, Japan, and India.

Previously, Yalamlam was also used by traders from the Indian subcontinent. The area is mountainous and situated about 92 kilometres southeast of Mecca. So, if you’re travelling from Yemen or following the same route, this would be your Miqat location.

Ultimate Guide Hajj: How to perform Hajj?

Ultimate Guide Umrah: How to perform Umrah?

FAQ about Miqat:

Q. If one lives in Mecca, what would be the best choice among the five Miqats?

A. There is no one among the five Miqats, he should have three other options to wear Ihram.

3 Miqats for Mecca residents:

3 Miqats for Mecca Residents
  1. Ayesha Mosque (Taneem Mosque)
  2. Juranah Mosque
  3. Hudaibiyah Mosque

Ayesha Mosque:

Ayesha Mosque and Taneem Mosque are not separate mosques, it is just one with two names. Today, we find this mosque at the very place where Ayesha (RA), upon the orders of her husband, the Messenger of Allah, may God bless him and grant him peace, re-entered her Ihram due to the state of menstruation.

Juranah Mosque:

Juranah Mosque is the second Miqat for those living in Mecca. The story behind it is that this was the place where the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) camped during the Battle of Hunayn. After the war, he (PBUH) and his companions put on Ihram from here and proceeded to Mecca for Hajj and Umrah.

Hudaibiyah Mosque:

The third Miqat is the Hudaybiyah Mosque where a historic event took place when the Prophet (peace be upon him) and 10,000 of his companions stayed there. At that time, an agreement was done between the Quraysh tribe of Mecca and the Muslims at the place of Hudaybiyah. Today, apart from Ayesha and Jurana mosques, Hudaybiyah mosque is also used for wearing Ihram.

Q. Can be wearing Ihram at Jeddah airport acceptable?

A. No, this is not a proper place to wear Ihram. Most people choose the city of Jeddah to reach the land of Saudi Arabia because it is closer to Mecca than Medina. Al-Juhfah Miqat is better for them if they are going to enter Mecca with the intention of Umrah or Hajj.

The rules regarding Miqat apply equally to both Hajj and Umrah pilgrims. Note that Jeddah Airport is located within the boundaries of Miqat. Therefore, it is necessary to wear Ihram before reaching the airport.

Q. Is it permissible to wear Ihram during the flight?

A. Yes, it is permissible to wear Ihram during a flight, but before wearing Ihram, there are some rules such as bathing, shaving, etc., so it is not possible for anyone to wear it during a flight. If one wants to try, complete them all before putting on Ihram at home or before boarding a flight.

Except for Saudi Airlines, we do not recommend any flight users wear Ihram during flights. It is excellent as it provides a convenient place where you can easily enter the state of Ihram.